Settling the South African Competition Commission’s case against alleged collusion in the polypropylene market [for no less than R111 million] back in 2010 was not to be the end of Sasol‘s long antitrust journey in the polymers world.
The S.A. Competition Tribunal is hearing the excessive-pricing portion (which was not settled) of the Commission‘s claims against the refining & steel giant this month. The relevant legal underpinning of the case is the provision against excessive pricing by a dominant firm. Precedent has declared prices excessive that “bear no reasonable relation to the economic value of the good or service” at issue. Pheeew. Facts. Economics. Nice. Looks like a coming battle of the experts to me…
By comparison, in the U.S., antitrust law of course does not forbid “excessive pricing.” While setting and reaping apparently high prices may be indicative of monopoly power, such acts are not in themselves anti-competitive or illegal in the States. In Verizon v. Trinko, the U.S. Supreme Court held famously that:
The mere possession of monopoly power, and the concomitant charging of monopoly prices, is not only not unlawful; it is an important element of the free-market system. The opportunity to charge monopoly prices—at least for a short period—is what attracts “business acumen” in the first place; it induces risk taking that produces innovation and economic growth.
Interestingly, there is a notable history of failures in the area of ‘excessive pricing’ complaints in South Africa, as well, despite the statutory legitimisation of the cause of action. In the prior ArcelorMittal and Telkom cases, the Commission and/or Tribunal lost in the end, either at trial or on appeal to the Competition Appeal Court. That Court had found, in the ArcelorMittal case, that the antitrust watchdogs could not use the ‘excessive pricing’ provision of the statute to combat perceived anti-competitiveness in the “market structure rather than price level.”
We will, of course, report on the ongoing trial and ultimate outcome of this high-profile case, as it unfolds.